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Smoking and Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Review and Update.

Tipo: Artículo
Autores: Velilla S, García-Medina JJ, García-Layana A, Dolz-Marco R, Pons-Vázquez S, Pinazo-Durán MD, Gómez-Ulla F, Arévalo JF, Díaz-Llopis M, Gallego-Pinazo R.
Títuto Revista: Journal of ophthalmology
Referencia:
Colaboradores: RD12-0034-0001 Instituto Universitario de OftalmoBiología Aplicada (IOBA); RD12-0034-0013 Clínica Universidad de Navarra; RD12-0034-0017 Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela y RD12-0034-0008 Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe de Valencia;
Centro: Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe de Valencia

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Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the main socioeconomical health issues worldwide. AMD has a multifactorial etiology with a variety of risk factors. Smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for AMD development and progression. The present review summarizes the epidemiological studies evaluating the association between smoking and AMD, the mechanisms through which smoking induces damage to the chorioretinal tissues, and the relevance of advising patients to quit smoking for their visual health.