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Low-dosage statins reduce choroidal damage in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.

Tipo: Artículo
Autores: Rojas B, Ramírez AI, Salazar JJ, de Hoz R, Redondo A, Raposo R, Mendez T, Tejerina T, Triviño A, Ramírez JM.
Títuto Revista: Acta Ophthalmologica
Referencia:
Colaboradores: Instituto de Investigaciones Oftalmológicas Ramón Castroviejo (RD07/0062/0000); La Red Temática de Investigación en Enfermedades Cardiovasculares - RECAVA (RD06/0014/1007).
Centro: 06 - UCM - IIORC
Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Low-dosage statins reduce choroidal damage in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.

Source

Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Ramón Castroviejo, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Abstract. Purpose: To describe the ultrastructural changes in the choroid of long-term hypercholesterolemic rabbits after a low-dosage statin treatment and to evaluate some pleiotropic effects of these drugs on the morphology of endothelial cells (EC) and vascular smooth-muscle cells (VSMC). Methods: New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups: G0, fed a standard diet; G1, fed a 0.5% cholesterol-enriched diet for 8 months and G2, fed a 0.5% cholesterol-enriched diet for 8 months plus administration of fluvastatin sodium or pravastatin sodium at a dose of 2 mg/Kg/day each. Eyes were processed for transmission-electron microscopy. Results: G1 had a lipid build-up at the suprachoroidea that compressed the vascular layers with the lumens of the vessels to the point of collapse in some instances. By contrast, G2 underwent a substantial decrease in suprachoroidal foam cells and of lipids in the vascular layers while the vascular lumens were normal. The preservation of cytoplasmic organelles, caveolar system and other ultrastructural features of EC and VSMC in G2 contrasted with the numerous signs of necrosis observed in G1. Bruch's membrane (BM) in G2 contained fewer lipids and more collagen than in G1. Conclusion: Treatment with a low dosage of fluvastatin sodium or pravastatin sodium reduced the lipid build-up as well as the macrophages in the choroid and restored the vascular lumens of choroidal vessels independently of the cholesterol effect. The normal ultrastructural features of choroidal EC and VSMC in statin-treated animals suggest that the endothelial function is preserved and the ischaemia reduced.

PMID: 20064114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]